Presidents Charles Michel and Ursula von der Leyen signed the withdrawal agreement in Brussels. Later on the same day, the document was signed by Prime Minister Boris Johnson in London.
EU ratification: next steps
The European Parliament will hold a vote on the deal on 29 January. Once the Parliament has given its consent, the Council will adopt, by written procedure, the decision on the conclusion of the agreement on behalf of the EU. Once adopted, the withdrawal agreement will enter into force upon the UK’s exit from the EU, on 31 January 2020 at midnight (Brussels time).